The Ultimate Guide to SaaS KPIs You Should Be Measuring to Grow + Scale

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    In the rapidly evolving SaaS industry, leveraging key performance indicators (KPIs) is not just a marketing strategy— it’s a necessity for growth, scalability, and long-term success. The unique SaaS business model, with its focus on recurring revenue, customer acquisition, and retention, demands a data-driven approach to decision-making.

    KPIs offer invaluable insights into performance across all facets of a SaaS company, from financial health to customer satisfaction and operational efficiency.

    This guide dives deep into the critical KPIs that SaaS companies must measure to not just survive but thrive and scale in a competitive marketplace.

    SaaS KPIs: Financial and Leadership KPIs for Strategic Decision Making

    Navigating the financial landscape of a SaaS business requires more than just a cursory glance at the bank balance or a quick tally of monthly sales. It demands a deep dive into the important metrics that truly define financial success in the SaaS sector.

    These KPIs serve as the north star for SaaS companies, illuminating the path to profitability, sustainability, and strategic growth. As we delve into the core financial KPIs for SaaS success, it’s crucial to understand that each metric, from Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR) to Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC) and Customer Lifetime Value (CLTV), tells a part of the story of your company’s financial health and trajectory.

    The following metrics provide a macro snapshot of a SaaS business’ financial performance. Shareholders and investors pay particular attention to these indicators:

    1. Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR)

    The specificity of the SaaS business model calls for a significant investment upstream for marketing the product. Since payments typically occur each month, it will take some time for the business to recoup its initial contribution.

    In fact, it is essential that a SaaS business amass a significant number of subscriptions early on as they will allow it to achieve positive cashflow before your funds run out.

    The MRR is the key indicator that will allow you to monitor the progress of your business for this reason. It represents the amount of income you hope to capitalize on each month. You can make a rough estimate:

    MRR = Number of customers × Average amount of a subscription

    For example, if you have 10 customers and the price of a subscription is €90, then 10 × 90 = an MRR of €900 per month.

    For a more detailed view, it will be necessary to dive into the customer database so that the calculation takes into account the subscriptions taken out, options, packages, and so forth.

    Armed with that data, you can determine if the resulting MRR corresponds to your initial objectives or if, in fact, you need to readjust your strategy.

    2. Annual Recurring Revenue (ARR)

    Annual Recurring Revenue (ARR) is a vital metric for SaaS companies, representing the total value of recurring revenue earned from subscription-based services over a one-year period. It’s calculated by multiplying the Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR) by 12, providing a long-term view of revenue streams. ARR helps businesses forecast revenue, evaluate growth trends, and assess financial stability.

    It’s closely monitored by stakeholders for insights into revenue generating capacity, customer retention efforts, and competitive positioning. ARR plays a key role in valuation metrics and serves as a benchmark for industry comparison and strategic decision-making in the dynamic SaaS landscape.

    ARR = MRR x 12.

    3. ARR Goal Completion

    Average recurring revenue (ARR) measures your company’s predictable recurring revenue through retainer contracts and subscriptions. You can calculate ARR for any duration—monthly, quarterly, or annually. 

    ARR Goal Completion measures the degree to which your company achieved the ARR goal. Think of it as the success rate for your ARR targets. This gives you a realistic estimation of your revenue performance and reveals any gaps or opportunities to boost your bottom line. 

    You can also use the ARR Goal Completion rate to demonstrate your growth trajectory to stakeholders and build confidence in your ability to create a predictable revenue pipeline.

    How to calculate ARR goal completion:

    (Actual ARR Achieved / Target ARR) x 100%

    4. Average Revenue Per Account (ARPA)

    Average Revenue Per Account (ARPA) is a key financial metric that measures the average revenue generated from each individual account, user, or client within a SaaS company. It provides valuable insights into the revenue-generating potential of the customer base and helps businesses understand the average value derived from each customer relationship.

    This metric allows SaaS companies to track changes in revenue per customer over time and identify trends that may impact overall financial performance. By monitoring ARPA, businesses can assess the effectiveness of pricing strategies, upselling and cross-selling efforts, and customer segmentation tactics. Additionally, ARPA serves as a benchmark for evaluating the success of customer acquisition and retention initiatives, as well as the overall health of the revenue stream.

    Calculating ARPA involves dividing the Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR) by the total number of accounts, users, or clients.

    ARPA = MRR ÷ the number of accounts or users or clients.

    5. Number of Reactivations

    The Number of Reactivations is a critical metric for SaaS companies that tracks the number of customers who were previously active but have since reactivated their paid plan or subscription. It indicates the success of re-engagement strategies aimed at bringing back churned or inactive customers.

    Reactivations are important because they represent an opportunity to regain lost revenue and strengthen customer relationships. By monitoring this metric, SaaS companies can assess the effectiveness of their win-back campaigns, identify reasons for customer churn, and implement targeted initiatives to reduce churn rates.

    Tracking the number of reactivations allows businesses to measure the impact of product improvements, pricing changes, or customer support enhancements on customer retention and loyalty.

    6. Number of Expansions

    The Number of Expansions is a key indicator of revenue growth within a SaaS company and measures the increase in income from existing customers through upgrades to higher-tier plans or additional features. It reflects the success of upselling and cross-selling efforts aimed at expanding customer accounts and increasing lifetime value.

    Expansions are important because they drive incremental revenue without the need for acquiring new customers. By tracking this metric, SaaS companies can identify opportunities to maximize revenue from their existing customer base, optimize pricing strategies, and enhance product offerings to meet evolving customer needs.

    Monitoring the number of expansions allows businesses to measure the effectiveness of customer success and account management initiatives in driving upsell opportunities and fostering long-term customer relationships.

    7. Number of Contractions

    The Number of Contractions measures the decrease in income from existing customers who downgrade to lower-tier plans or reduce their usage of paid features. It represents the loss of revenue resulting from customer churn or dissatisfaction with the product or service. Contractions are important to track because they can impact overall revenue and customer lifetime value.

    By monitoring this metric, SaaS companies can identify patterns of customer behavior that may indicate dissatisfaction or potential churn risk, allowing them to implement proactive retention strategies and mitigate revenue loss.

    Tracking the number of contractions enables businesses to assess the impact of product changes, pricing adjustments, or customer support issues on customer satisfaction and loyalty, helping to inform future decision-making and improve overall customer experience.

    8. New Business

    New Business refers to the amount of revenue generated from acquiring new customers who purchase a paid plan or subscription for the first time. It represents the growth potential of a SaaS company and reflects its ability to attract and convert new leads into paying customers.

    New Business is a critical metric for measuring sales performance and evaluating the effectiveness of marketing and lead generation efforts. By tracking this metric, SaaS companies can assess the return on investment (ROI) of their sales and marketing activities, identify sources of high-quality leads, and optimize conversion strategies to drive revenue growth.

    Monitoring New Business allows businesses to forecast future revenue streams, set realistic growth targets, and allocate resources effectively to maximize customer acquisition and retention.

    9. Customer Churn Rate

    Customer Churn Rate is a critical metric for SaaS companies that measures the percentage of customers who discontinue their subscription or cease doing business with the company over a specific period. It serves as an indicator of customer satisfaction, product performance, and overall business health. Churn rate can be calculated either by volume, representing the number of customers lost, or by value, reflecting the revenue lost due to churned customers.

    To calculate the churn rate by value, SaaS companies typically subtract the Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR) gained from new customers and expansions from the MRR lost due to churned customers for a given month. The resulting figure is then compared to the total MRR to determine the churn rate as a percentage.

    10. CAC: LTV Ratio

    CAC: LTV is the ratio of your acquisition costs (expenses) and lifetime value (earnings). This metric shows your business’s profitability since it compares your expenses on acquiring new customers to the revenue you generate from these customers. 

    Tracking this ratio also clarifies if your growth strategies are sustainable. For instance, if you spend too much on converting clients but not getting enough returns and receiving poor customer reviews, you’ll run into losses instead of earning profits. 

    This metric also indicates your financial health and growth potential. A good balance of CAC and LTV tells investors that your company is a safe option to bet on. 

    How to calculate CAC: LTV

    Customer Acquisition Cost / Lifetime Value of a Customer

    The process of nurturing and converting leads is both an art and a science, requiring a blend of strategic insight and tactical execution. By understanding and optimizing these lead generation metrics, SaaS companies can strengthen their sales pipeline, ensuring a steady flow of customers and monthly revenue.

    11. Cash Flow & Employee Satisfaction

    • Cash Position and Flow: Essential for gauging financial health, this metric ensures the company has the liquidity to meet its short-term obligations and fund growth initiatives. Regular monitoring helps prevent cash crunches, enabling proactive management of financial resources.
    • Employee Satisfaction: A critical but often overlooked aspect of a company’s health, employee satisfaction can significantly impact innovation, customer service, and operational efficiency. High satisfaction levels are correlated with lower turnover rates, better performance, and a stronger company culture. Tools like employee net promoter scores (eNPS) and regular feedback mechanisms can provide ongoing insights into team morale and satisfaction.

    SaaS KPIs: Marketing Metrics for Sustained Growth

    Lead generation is the lifeblood of any SaaS company, serving as the starting point for turning prospects into loyal customers.

    Understanding and optimizing these metrics is essential for a robust pipeline:

    1. Marketing Qualified Leads (MQLs)

    Marketing qualified leads are prospects who show interest in your business by interacting with your marketing campaigns, like ads, blogs, podcasts, social media posts, etc. Instead of tracking just the number of MQLs, it’s important to set a target for the number of MQLs required to meet your revenue goals.

    This target will help you track the completion rate for your MQLs, comparing the actual and estimated leads generated through marketing campaigns. You can use this metric to analyze the effectiveness of your marketing strategy and make improvements.  

    How to calculate the actual-target MQLs ratio:

    Number of actual MQLs / Number of target MQLs x 100

    2. Product Qualified Leads (PQLs)

    Product qualified leads are those who have used your product to some extent and have a likelihood of converting into paying customers in the future. PQLs are a core metric for companies following a product-led growth motion. The number of leads generated through your product’s free or trial version shows the tool’s effectiveness. 

    How to calculate PQLs:

    There’s no straight formula for calculating PQLs. Here are some examples of PQL definitions:

    For Slack, a PQL is when an account reaches its 2,000 message limit, for Facebook a PQL is once someone adds 7 friends. 

    You can also track PQLs to understand in-app user behavior, identify friction points, and improve your product. Use these insights to give prospects something more exciting in their trial and accelerate your lead generation process.

    3. User Engagement & Product Adoption

    • Active Users: This metric goes beyond simple login stats to measure meaningful engagement with your product. For example, in a project management tool, active use might be defined by creating projects, completing tasks, or integrating with other tools. Understanding which features drive engagement can inform both product development and marketing messaging.
    • Product Engagement Score: This score aggregates user interactions to quantify engagement levels, helping identify which features are most valuable to users and where improvements may be needed. This insight is crucial for prioritizing development efforts and creating targeted marketing campaigns.
    • Customer Adoption Rate: Measures the percentage of your product’s features utilized by customers, offering insight into how deeply users are integrating your solution into their workflows. A low adoption rate can indicate the need for better onboarding or product adjustments.

    4. Cost Per Lead (CPL)

    Cost per lead is the average cost you incur for generating a single lead. Tracking CPL gives you a sense of how much you spend on bringing potential customers. It’ll also help you calculate the ROI compared to the average revenue these customers generate. You can use these insights to allocate your customer acquisition budget. 

    CPL can also be a good metric for performance evaluation for your marketing and sales teams. The lower the cost of getting new leads, the better.

    As CPL can vary for top, middle, and bottom of the funnel leads, it’s recommended to align on a standard framework between the sales and marketing departments If you determine precisely what a lead costs in the respective funnel phase, you can easily determine the average value. This helps manage the budget and vetting new vendors.

    To track CPL, use a lead generation tool and calculate the cost of marketing and sales campaigns for generating new leads.

    How to calculate CPL:

    Total Cost of Marketing Campaign / Number of Leads Generated

    5. Conversion Rates

    The sales conversion rate measures the percentage of leads successfully turning into paying customers. You can also track the conversion rate for other parameters, like sign-ups, app downloads, form responses, and more. 

    Your conversion rate shows how effectively you’re able to convert prospects into customers. When combined with metrics like MQLs, PQLs, and SQLs, your conversion rate can help you identify which channels drive the highest conversions.

    For instance, conversions from your LinkedIn prospecting efforts will come under MQLs, while those from your product’s free trial will come under PQLs. 

    How to calculate conversion rate

    To calculate your conversion rate, you can use this formula:

    Number of Leads That Convert to Paying Customers / Total Number of Leads x 100

    SaaS KPIs: Sales KPIs to Drive Revenue Performance

    Sales metrics are the engine room indicators of a SaaS business, directly tied to growth and scalability. These KPIs help refine sales strategies to drive revenue generated and increase efficiency.

    1. Sales Qualified Leads (SQLs)

    Sales qualified leads include prospects qualified by your sales team. Qualifying leads against your ICP can streamline lead generation efforts since your reps won’t waste time chasing bad leads.

    Tracking SQLs can reveal your sales team’s efficiency and pinpoint bottlenecks hampering their performance. You can also use this metric to map your progress and optimize your sales strategy for maximizing conversions.

    2. Booking Volume & MRR Growth

    • Booking Volume: Initial sales and completed deals are a direct reflection of market demand and sales team effectiveness. Analyzing booking volume trends can help identify successful sales tactics and areas for improvement.
    • Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR) Growth: A key growth metric, MRR growth measures the expansion of your customer base and the success of upsell and cross-sell strategies. It’s a comprehensive indicator of sales success and potential scalability.

    3. Meetings Booked and Attended

    Another key metric for SaaS companies is the number of meetings booked and attended by prospects. It shows the effectiveness of your sales team and highlights the top-performing reps with the highest number of calls. At the same time, you can identify reps that need improvement.

    Another way to track meetings is by categorizing the metric into different parameters, like location, industry, company size, social media channel, and more. This will help you narrow down your most promising ICP. 

    4. Average Time-to-Sell

    The average time to sell metric determines the average time it takes to convert a lead into a paying client. It tells you the efficiency of your sales funnel, measuring how long you typically take to find, pitch, and convert prospects. Tracking this metric helps identify roadblocks in your sales process and optimize it for seamless conversions. 

    You can calculate the average time-to-sell for different channels to get granular insights about your funnel. For instance, if you’re using email for outreach, you can track how long it takes to build an email list, pitch and follow up with prospects, and convert them so that you can get an appointment scheduling.

    How to calculate average time-to-sell:

    Total Time to Convert Leads / Number of Converted Leads

    5. Sales Touchpoints to Convert

    The number of sales touchpoints needed for conversion calculates the average number of interactions between your sales rep and a prospect before they convert. A sales touchpoint can be anything from a cold email or social media activity to ads, webinars, lead capture forms, and other channels. This directly impacts your average time-to-sell ratio. 

    Besides, the more touchpoints you need to add to the sales process, the longer will be your sales cycle and the higher your customer acquisition costs. So, you can use this metric to improve your lead nurturing tactics to accelerate conversions. 

    6. Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC)

    Customer acquisition costs are the average expenses you make to acquire one customer. This metric tells you the cost-efficiency of your lead generation and acquisition strategy. It also helps you properly allocate your sales and marketing resources to get solid returns.

    More importantly, your CAC presents the scalability of your business and answers the question: will your SaaS company remain profitable if you scale operations and bring more customers? If the CAC is higher than the customer lifetime value (more on this shortly), you might not be able to grow sustainably. 

    What’s more, SaaS companies often rely on their acquisition costs to determine the price points for a new service. CAC offers a good benchmark to arrive at your new pricing. 

    How to calculate CAC:

    Total Cost of Sales and Marketing Efforts / Number of Customers Acquired

    7. Average Deal Size

    The average deal size represents the average value of the deals closed in a given duration. Tracking this metric helps in forecasting your business’s revenue potential. You can also use this data to evaluate your sales performance by comparing the actual average deal size to the expected average deal size.

    Besides, this metric also guides your pricing decisions. You get clarity on what customers are willing to pay for your product and how you should price it to match their expectations. 

    How to calculate average deal size:

    Total Value of Deals Closed / Number of Deals Closed

    Integrating and Acting on KPIs

    Successfully integrating and acting upon these diverse KPIs involves leveraging sophisticated data analytics tools like ClicData. Such platforms enable SaaS companies to visualize complex data through intuitive dashboards, facilitating real-time strategic decision making.

    By centralizing KPI monitoring, businesses can quickly identify trends, pinpoint areas for improvement, and allocate resources more effectively, ensuring a data-driven path to growth and scalability.


    The landscape of SaaS KPIs is vast and varied, but by focusing on these essential financial, lead generation, leadership, marketing, and sales metrics, companies can navigate the complexities of growth and scale with confidence.

    Implementing a systematic approach to measuring and analyzing these KPIs will empower SaaS businesses to make informed decisions, optimize their operations, and ultimately achieve sustainable success in a competitive market.